Here we report electrochemical, spectroscopic, and crystallographic characterization of a redox series of cobalt complexes in five sequential oxidation states. A simple bidentate phosphine ligand, cis-1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethylene (dppv), allows for isolation of the 3+, 2+, 1+, 0, and 1– oxidation states of cobalt─the only known example of transition-metal complexes with redox-innocent ligands in five oxidation states. Electrochemistry of [Co(dppv)2]2+ reveals three reversible reductions and one reversible oxidation. Complexes in each oxidation state are characterized using single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The coordination number and geometry of the complex changes as a function of the oxidation state: including acetonitrile ligands, the Co3+ complex is pseudo-octahedral, the Co2+ complex is square-pyramidal, the Co+ complex is pseudo-square-planar, and the Co0 and Co– complexes approach pseudo-tetrahedral, illustrating structures predicted by crystal-field theory of inorganic transition-metal complexes.